The Durmitor region, with its unspoilt beauty is a rare and authentic work of nature. It was proclaimed a national park in 1952. Situated in the northwest of Montenegro, the Park occupies a large area of the Durmitor’s massif with the canyons of the Tara, Draga and Susica rivers and upper part of the canyon valley of the river Komarnica, thus covering an area of 39,000 hectares. The basic distinction of the geographical relief in the Durmitor’s region is a vast plateau at 1,500 meters carved by the deep canyon valleys. From there the impressive mountain peaks are raised; out of which 48 are above 2,000 meters and among them the highest ”Bobotov kuk“ with 2,525 m. 18 glacial lakes called ”The Mountain eyes“, at an altitude above 1,500 meters, give a special charm to the beauty of the Durmitor’s massif. The biggest and the most attractive is Crno jezero ( Black Lake).
Besides the beauty of the Lake’s basin and its glittering water surface, the magnificence of the landscape is enhanced by the vast forest expanses which surround it and Medjed (Bear) peak proudly raised upon it. It is 2 km far from a little mountain town Zabljak, the winter tourist center of Montenegro. There are, in the vicinity of Black Lake, the not less impressive Zminje jezero, set in a hundred year old juniper-fir forest and Barno Lake, in the middle of vast pit bog, surrounded by the coniferous forest. In the range of the Durmitor’s hydrographic pearls, Skrcka jezera (Skrcka lakes) are distinguished by their beauty and wild surroundings; circled by ice and snow till the middle of July – Zeleni vir and Modro jezero and Vražje and Riblje jezero ( Fish Lake) sleep peacefully among endless meadows.
Clean fast rivers are also among the most beautiful ornaments of the Park which gave to this area the astonishing canyon valleys.
One is particularly impressed by the river Tara, its beauty and the flowing water streams as well as by the depth and the canyon landscapes which made of it one of the most beautiful in the world. By the richness of flora and fauna, complexity of its ecosystems, the existence of above 1,300 species of vascular plants denoting the exceptional concentration of endemic and relic species, Durmitor represents the magnificent natural assets and is a lasting inspiration for scientists and nature lovers. It is endowed with many natural rarities like the forests of black pines in the locality of Crna poda, whose grand trunks soar up to 50 metres high and have survived for over 400 years. Durmitor National Park has a considerable number of the cultural monuments dating from ancient times up to present.
The mediaeval monuments are the most characteristic: ruins of the town and fortifications, bridges and watch-towers, necropolises with tombstones – ”stećci“ and monastery complexes in the valley of the Tara river. As examples of the ethnological heritage, it is worth mentioning thel types of rural houses, so called ”savardaks“ and mills scattered all over ”katuni“ – villages and Durmitor’s brooks. All the richness of the natural beauties, landscape and cultural values of Durmitor and the Tara river contributed to Durmitor National Park being inscribed in the List of the World’s cultural and natural heritage by decision of The International Committee for World’s cultural and natural heritage, in Paris, in 1980. Meanwhile the Tara river and its canyon valley were, under UNESCO’s ”Man and Biosphere“ programme, enrolled in the World’s ecological biosphere reserves in 1977.